Gobierno de la Ciudad de Buenos Aires Ministerio de Cultura

Film info: 1PM

Film Information

Original Title 1PM
English Title 1PM
Director D.A. Pennebaker
Year 1972
Format Betacam
Colour Color
Duration 95 min
  • Rip Torn, Leroi Jones, Eldridge Cleaver, Tom Hayden, The Jefferson Airplane
  • Fotografía: Jean-Luc Godard, Richard Leacock, D.A. Pennebaker
  • Montaje: D.A. Pennebaker


One of the keys to analyze 1PM could lie on an open tape recorder. This device makes it possible for speech to deviate by ways of reproduction, repetition, and omission. At one point in the film, Tom Hayden questions the method; Godard answers with a sentence that witnesses the conflict his alliance with Pennebaker/Leacock arose: "I don’t do it so it would look more natural, because looking natural… is another thing, art is not natural". In an article published in Cahiers du Cinéma in 1963, Godard already attacked Leacock and the “natural style” of the so-called Direct Cinema. This way, the film features two different struggles: on one hand, the one Godard has been developing ever since his early days: the one between image and sound. On the other, the one he maintains against Direct Cinema’s transparence. When the editing (that old “beautiful concern”) ended up in the hands of Pennebaker/Leacock, a dissatisfied Godard resigned to the project. That’s why the film that would initially be named 1AM (One American Movie) ended up –by hand Pennebaker– with the title 1PM (One Parallel Movie), or like Godard likes to call it, “One Pennebaker Movie”.


Date and Times

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